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Car Features

What are ABS and EBD and What is Their Purpose?

30 Nov , 2019  

Braking is obviously one of the most important features of a car. Without a good braking system, a vehicle is dangerous to drive.

You may have heard the terms ABS and EBD mentioned when discussing braking systems and their safety features.

Understanding what these terms mean helps you to have a better understanding of how the braking system of your car keeps you safe. Let’s take a look at this in more detail by examining what ABS and EBD actually are.

 

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Understanding what ABS is

An anti-lock braking system (ABS) has the job of stopping wheels on a vehicle from locking when the brakes are applied. This allows the driver of a vehicle to have more control over dry or slippery surfaces as the braking distance is reduced.

If the surface is loose, for instance if there is gravel or snow on the road, the braking distance may be increased.

The system is an important safety feature, especially when a vehicle has a heavy load. When this is the case, the braking pressure is high and therefore the braking is heavy. If there were no ABS this would cause the wheels of the vehicle to lock.

ABS monitors the speed of the wheels and releases the pressure on different wheel brake lines. It uses rapid pulses that switch between brake lines to do this. The ABS systems that exist today have a different brake line for each wheel. This allows for different braking pressures.

 

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Understanding what EBD is

The Electronic brake-force distribution (EBD) system works by varying the amount of force that is applied to each of a vehicle’s brakes. This variance is based on factors such as road conditions, speed and the load the vehicle is carrying.

The EBD system works within the ABS of a vehicle. It helps the driver of a vehicle to maintain control. It does this by varying the amount of braking pressure applied to each wheel. In most cases, the weight of a vehicle is at the front end.

This means the EBD system makes sure there is less braking pressure at the rear of the vehicle, thereby reducing the chances of skidding.

Braking pressure can also be controlled for different surfaces. For instance, the EBD system can release less pressure when a vehicle is on snow and more pressure when a vehicle is on asphalt. Controlling the braking pressure in this way optimizes stopping power.

 

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Takeaway

Braking functionality is essential to the safety of a vehicle. Without a good quality braking system, it’s difficult for drivers to avoid skidding and getting into accidents.

For this reason, ABS and the EBD system are essential safety features of a vehicle. They help to ensure a driver can brake safely in different road conditions, without locking the wheels of a vehicle. This helps to protect the safety of all drivers on the road.

 

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Vlad 96x96 - What are ABS and EBD and What is Their Purpose? - What are ABS and EBD and What is Their Purpose? By
Vlad Oatis-Porter is originally from mother Russia. He works as a freelance journalist for various publishing companies and devours anything tech and car related. He has been a long standing contributor to Team Carwitter and helps keep the site viable.